Applied Behaviour Analysis
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is based on learning theory, which comes from the field of behavioural psychology. It is an approach to understanding and challenging behaviour. A range of different strategies and techniques are used to teach people to acquire new skills such as, communication skills, play skills, social skills, self-care skills. By determining the function of behaviour ABA also works to reduce difficult and challenging behaviour.
What does Applied Behaviour Analysis involve?
- Assessment of child’s current skills and difficulties
- Setting goals and objectives
- Teaching the ‘target skills’
- Measuring the ‘target’ skill to evaluate individual progress
- Make changes as needed
Children can be taught new skills using a range of techniques, which include, Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), Sign language, Natural Environment Teaching (NET) and Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT).
The main objective of direct 1:1 ABA sessions is to help children acquire new skills based on individualised plans by breaking skills down into small manageable steps.
Some of the targets during 1:1 sessions include:
- Joint attention,
- Receptive language,
- Expressive language,
- Social skills/social play,
- Visual perception
- Early academics.
Niamh has a passion for helping non-verbal children find their voice to communicate and interact, using vocal speech or other forms of communication and she is fully trained in PECS (Picture exchange communication system). Niamh provides behaviour support to teachers and parents to help cope and manage challenging behaviour.
Identifying the function of behaviour allows us to implement appropriate interventions to reduce challenging behaviours.