By 60 months, your child is continuing to develop their skills that support their independence and engagement in their environment. Provided is a framework to help you understand the direction their development should be going and also some helpful tips for you to help them along their way. It’s important to remember that no toddler is the same. Each child will reach milestones at their own pace. This framework will give you an overview of how your child’s development should be progressing.


  • Can brush teeth, dress and undress, wash and dry hands
  • Enjoys singing, acting and dancing
  • Can use toilet independently
  • Rather playing with peers than in isolation
  • Generally follows rules but can sometimes be uncooperative/demanding
  • Has a range of likes and interests and can talk about them
  • Can use kitchen utensils i.e. fork, spoon and sometimes a knife
  • Enjoys doing new things


  • Uses complex sentences and phrases incorporating grammar rules, i.e. future tense, plurals
  • Tell stories about experiences and remembers stories
  • Can tell his/her name and where they live
  • Follow instruction with 4 key words, i.e. “find the small yellow ball
  • Speaks clearly
  • Understands and uses 1. Pronouns 2. Prepositions 3. Basic numbers i.e. one & two
  • Sings nursery rhymes songs from memory


  • Cooperates and plays with peers
  • Responds to a range of people including familiar and unfamiliar people
  • Wants to please and be liked by peers
  • Is aware of gender
  • Shows more independence i.e. completing tasks independently


    • Can tell what’s real and make believe
    • Can count 10 + items
    • Uses scissors
    • Can print some letters and numbers
    • Can relate to and understand basic concepts such as money
    • Hops, skips and stands on 1 foot
    • Holds a book, turns pages and can anticipate what will happen next
    • Swings and climbs
    • Can draw simple people (6 parts)
  • Has a short attention span of 5 minutes



If your child is doing all or some of the above we have created an action plan to help you support your child with their development


  • Phase out the physical help you give your child, verbally prompt them if necessary, i.e. pull your trousers up
  • Regularly play music and sing songs with your child, encourage them to sing and dance
  • Develop a toilet routine, bring your child systematically to the bathroom and encourage them to sit on the toilet.
  • Reinforce and reward your child for “positive behaviour”
  • Demonstrate how to use cutlery during routines, i.e. at mealtimes
  • If your child produces sentences that are grammatically incorrect, repeat it back to them correctly
  • Read regularly with your children
  • Use visuals to facilitate memory, i.e. show them the pictures in a book
  • Use simple language and phrases that will be easy for your child to understand, i.e. He’s jumping
  • Choose songs that are simple to learn and contain simple language
  • Use pretend play to develop your child’s imaginary play with others
  • Develop appropriate social skills with your child, i.e. prompting them to greet people
  • Ask your child about their peers (i.e. from school), asks them about their “friends”
  • Engage your child in make believe play, use vocabulary like let’s “pretend”
  • Pause when counting and encourage your child to follow on
  • Engage your child in art and craft activities.
  • Provide your child with toys such as cash registers and shopping games

The above has been put together by the Multi-Disciplinary team at Adult and Child Therapy Centre. We are dedicated to providing support to young  children and their families throughout their child’s life and want to ensure that parents have as much information around their child’s development as possible in order to gain a better insight to their child and how best to support them.