By 48 months, your toddler is continuing to explore the world, which continues to develop their sense of wonder and their imagination, which is blossoming just as rapidly as their vocabulary at this age. Provided is a framework to help you understand the direction their development should be going and also some helpful tips for you to help them along their way. It’s important to remember that no toddler is the same. Each child will reach milestones at their own pace. This framework will give you an overview of how your child’s development should be progressing.


  • Attempts to put items of clothing on and take them off (with assistance)
  • Engage in a sleep routine
  • Uses the toilet appropriately/toilet trained
  • Rather playing with peers than in isolation
  • Says his/her first and last name
  • Talks about likes/dislikes
  • Pours, cuts and mashes own food
  • Enjoys doing new things


  • Understands the use of basic rules of grammar, i.e. pronouns
  • Tell stories and remembers stories
  • Understands concepts such as same and different
  • Follow instruction with 4 key words, i.e. “find the small yellow ball
  • Speaks clearly
  • Understands and uses 1. Pronouns 2. Prepositions 3. Basic numbers i.e. one & two
  • Sings nursery rhymes songs from memory


  • Cooperates and plays with peers
  • Responds to a range of people not just familiar people
  • Plays board games
  • Engages in make-believe play i.e. playing “mammy and daddy”


  • Know colours
  • Can count
  • Uses scissors
  • Copies capital letters
  • Counts from 1 – 5
  • Hops and stands on 1 foot
  • Holds a book, turns pages and can anticipate what will happen next
  • Throws and catches a bounced ball
  • Can draw simple people (2 – 4 parts)

If your child is doing all or some of the above we have created an action plan to help you support your child with their development


  • During dressing encourage your child to complete tasks, i.e. pulling up trousers, putting on hat
  • Create a consistent structure around a sleep routine, ensure that bedtime is at the same time and there is a calming routine place prior to going to bed
  • Organise play dates with peers and assist your child in play
  • Ensure they respond to their full name when it is called, i.e. in preschool
  • Engage your child in conversation, use concrete situations to discuss what they like/dislike.
  • Use toys that allow children to develop use of pronouns, i.e. male and female dolls, Mr. and Mrs. Potato Head
  • Read regularly with your children
  • Provide your child with simple matching games
  • Give your child directions in routines
  • Use pretend play to develop your child’s imaginary play with others
  • Develop appropriate behaviours i.e. hugging people we know well versus strangers
  • Guide your child in turn taking games and simple board games, once your child begins to grasp the concept slowly phase out your involvement
  • Encourage your child to make choices between colours when playing in order to develop their awareness of different colours
  • Encourage your child to count during play
  • Engage your child in art and craft activities.
  • Use child safety scissors, allow your child to manipulate the scissors
  • Encourage your child to engage in simple gross motor tasks that requires them to move from one foot to another
  • Engage your child in simple back and forth ball throwing and bouncing

The above has been put together by the Multi-Disciplinary team at Adult and Child Therapy Centre. We are dedicated to providing support to young  children and their families throughout their child’s life and want to ensure that parents have as much information around their child’s development as possible in order to gain a better insight to their child and how best to support them.