Our Work Together
The challenge lies in discovering the nature of the behaviour-consequence relationships for each individual and then applying changes that are meaningful and enduring. This is the purpose of the Functional Assessment and intervention plan. This will be a collaborative process between you and the Behaviour Analyst, who will guide you in continuing learning throughout the way.
We start with a 40-minute initial consultation with parents to discuss current behavioural issues and a brief explanation of Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA). We will brief you with a description of a Functional Assessment (including observation assessments needed and parental data collection responsibilities) and an understanding of the level of commitment (i.e. time and effort) required from parents for a successful behaviour change programme, including:
- Possible parental training needs
- Informed consent
- Functional Assessment
Following the initial consultation, if the client is deemed suitable for behavioural services, a Functional Assessment Interview will commence with signed consent.
Behaviour Analyst will then conduct 1 to 2 60-minute sessions in the home to complete detailed Functional Assessment Interview (including rating scales and questionnaires) directly with parents.
Once target behaviours are identified, parents may be asked to begin taking data (following training from the Behaviour Analyst) for a minimum of 2 weeks. This data will be given weekly to the Behaviour Analyst to analyse.
Subsequent 1 to 2 60-minute direct observations (narrative recording; partial interval/momentary time sampling data) to be completed by Behaviour Analyst in the home.
Functional Assessment Report Write Up
Behaviour Analyst to write up the Functional Assessment report, pulling together all descriptive assessment and direct observation information and data. During Functional Assessment write up, ongoing data collection will continue from parents and submitted to Behaviour Analyst. A specific benefits/risks assessment will be written for each specific intervention plan. Behaviour Analyst to feedback report, explain case formulation (contingency diagrams), show graphic interpretations of data collected and explain intervention plan to parents in 1 x 60minute session.
Behaviour Analyst to provide both theory and practical training (ABA theory training; Interactive training & shadowing) for parents in 1 x 60-minute session in the home. Basic environmental modifications/adaptations may be necessary for the implementation of the behaviour plan. Implementation of intervention (entire or in phases). Parental consent for intervention implementation should be obtained. Behaviour Analyst to model the entire intervention (or phases thereof) to parents for the initial 1 – 2 x 60-minute sessions of implementation. Role play may be used to build confidence in delivering intervention. Parents continue to collect and submit data on a weekly basis during implementation to measure the interventions’ effectiveness.
Continuing Intervention (complete or in phases)
Based on the ongoing data, if intervention appears to be effective on target behaviours the Behaviour Analyst can link in with parents via telephone/email, or conduct intermittent 30 minute home visits over the next 2-3 weeks. If the data is not showing an improvement on target behaviours, a further 1-hour session will be conducted with parents to discuss current barriers to successful implementation. A revised plan may need to be drawn up at this stage. If a revision to the intervention plan is made, revert back to stage 6.In the event that the intervention is being implemented in phases, the Behaviour Analyst should return to model/advice/support parents at each new stage of intervention. In the event that the intervention is being implemented in phases, the Behaviour Analyst should return to model/advice/support parents at each new stage of intervention.
Maintenance And Follow Up
Based on the ongoing data submitted and parental feedback, the Behaviour Analyst may continue to make intermittent 30-minute visits to provide support and ensure behaviours are maintaining over the following 3-4 weeks if needed. Data collection methods may now be phased to less intensive methods. The Behaviour Analyst will advise parents how to continue to monitor behaviour going forward in a practical manner. If behaviours continue to reduce and maintain over the next 4 week period, a maintenance plan will be put in place for parents.
The Behaviour Analyst will advise parents and other professions within the team when a case is coming to a close. The Behaviour Analyst will compile a closing report (including all the data graphically interpreted to date). The report will be shared with all involved members of the team and parents.