There will be lots happening in your toddler’s development when they’re approaching 24 months, so let’s have a look at the 24 months development checklist.

This is a framework to help you understand the direction their development should be going and also some helpful tips for you to help them along their way. It’s important to remember that no toddler is the same. As with babyhood, toddlers reach milestones at their own pace. This framework will give you an overview of how your child’s development should be progressing.

WELLBEING

  • Show’s more independence
  • Has defiance/protests
  • Shows understanding of the use of some basic objects, i.e. brush, spoon, phone
  • Shows a range of emotions
  • Respond’s to no

COMMUNICATION

  • Points to objects/pictures when they are named
  • Identifies 1. Familiar people 2. Body parts
  • Use short sentences and phrases
  • Follow 1. Instructions with 1 key word, i.e. “where’s the doggie” 2. Instructions with 2 key words, i.e. find the big spoon
  • Imitates words/ sentences and rhymes
  • Uses 50 words approximately
  • Points to and names pictures in books

IDENTITY AND BELONGING

  • Attempts to get an adult’s attention
  • Plays 1. Alongside other children 2. With other children
  • Enjoys interacting with 1. Adults 2. Peers

EXPLORING AND THINKING

  • Sustain attention for short periods, 1. In motivating activities 2. In adult directed activities, i.e. books
  • Looks for hidden items/items that are out of sight
  • Sorts 1. Shapes 2. Colours
  • Engages in pretend play
  • Build with blocks
  • Shows hand dominance
  • Stand on tip-toe
  • Walk steadily/run
  • Kick a ball
  • Climb up and down stairs
  • Climbs, i.e. on and off furniture
  • Throws a ball overhead
  • Imitates a line with a pencil/crayon
  • Helps to dress him/herself

If your child is doing all or some of the above we have created an action plan to help you support your child with their development:

  • Place small demands on your child, i.e. tidy up/turn taking etc.
  • When naming items, simply describe it’s function
  • When reading book with your child label pictures and elaborate, i.e. it’s a plane, the plane is flying
  • Label emotions as your child expresses them i.e. when they are laughing tell them “you’re happy
  • Develop understanding of “no” in play, ask your child simple questions, i.e. when playing with a shape sorter, try to fit shapes into the wrong hole and ask “ does it fit…no”
  • Sing “head, shoulders, knees and toes”
  • Develop your child’s words into phrases by expanding on what they say, i.e. if they label “ball” respond with “it’s a big ball”
  • Expand your child’s vocabulary by introducing concepts such as colours, size etc., encourage them to use these concepts in play, give choices, i.e. do you want the yellow car or the red car
  • Use preferred activities to encourage your child’s ability to follow directions, i.e. when you are going outside/ play ground ask them to get their coat and scarf
  • Use simple language, emphasise key words
  • If your child points to/names items praise them.
  • Engage your child in simple joint play activities, demonstrate appropriate play for your child
  • During play dates encourage your child to play with peers, facilitate play by encouraging sharing and interactive play, i.e. turn-taking
  • Praise your child for interactions, i.e. waving, hugging, blowing kisses
  • Remove distractions if your child has a tendency of moving between activities
  • Play simple hide and seek games with toys, i.e. where’s teddy. Help your child find the hidden toy, praising them each time they find the item
  • Model pretend play for your child, i.e. feeding a doll
  • Provide your child with activities that require them to use one hand, i.e. colouring, allow them to switch hands in order for them to naturally select which hand they are dominant in, encourage them to use their “helping hand” (other hand) to stabilize the item they’re working with (i.e. page)
  • Give your child plenty of opportunities to play outside, play simple games like running and catching.
  • Select crayons and pencils that are easy to hold for your child, i.e. chunky crayons/ triangular pencils
  • During your dressing routine encourage your child to complete certain tasks, i.e. putting their arms through the sleeves of a jumper, putting on hat

This 24 Months Development Checklist has been put together by the Multi-Disciplinary team at Adult and Child Therapy Centre.

We are dedicated to providing support to young  children and their families throughout their child’s life and want to ensure that parents have as much information around their child’s development as possible in order to gain a better insight to their child and how best to support them.
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